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What Is Cancer? Why Do Some People Get It & Others Don’t?

Leave it to a child to ask profound questions.  During the month of October OneWorld focused on Ovarian, Prostate and Breast Cancer Education and Awareness.  In trying to answer the two questions above from an 11 year-old, we turned to the experts at the National Cancer Institute and the American Cancer Society.  The answers we found are helpful to everyone who has these same questions.  We also believe that by understanding the basic information presented here we will be better equipped to further explore individual and family medical history.  This information is also a foundation upon which we can develop personal preventive strategies.

What Is Cancer?  Cancer is the out-of-control growth of abnormal cells; a cell is the basic unit of life.  When cells become abnormal they often form a tumor.  Where the tumor forms becomes the type of cancer we get. The body is made up of trillions of living cells. Normal body cells grow, divide to make new cells, and die in an orderly way. During the early years of a person's life, normal cells divide faster to allow the person to grow. After the person becomes an adult, most cells divide only to replace worn-out or dying cells or to repair injuries. Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. There are more than 100 different types of cancer, but they all start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells.  Cancer is not one disease but many diseases.

Cancer cell growth is different from normal cell growth. Instead of dying, cancer cells continue to grow and form new, abnormal cells. In most cases the cancer cells form a tumor. Cancer cells can also invade (grow into) other tissues, something that normal cells cannot do. Growing out of control and invading other tissues are what makes a cell a cancer cell.

Cells become cancer cells because of damage to DNA. DNA is in every cell and directs all its actions. In a normal cell, when DNA gets damaged the cell either repairs the damage or the cell dies. In cancer cells, the damaged DNA isn’t repaired, but the cell doesn’t die like it should. Instead, this cell goes on making new cells that the body does not need. These new cells will all have the same damaged DNA as the first abnormal cell does.

Taking Responsibility and Partnering In Our Own Care In all cancers early detection, accurate diagnosis and effective treatment are essential to success. Finding doctors with whom we can work effectively and successfully is of paramount importance. Being proactive in our own care is critical.  We should never give up.  Fear is most detrimental when we give in and not actively participate in our own treatment plan.  A positive attitude goes a long way in our recovery from any type of illness.  Ask questions; get a second opinion; gather information from trusted and reliable sources.  Eat sensible; exercise as best we can, and learn as much as possible about our condition.  Having knowledge and applying it constructively makes us Powerful and effective advocates in our own care!

National Cancer Institute: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics

The American Cancer Society: http://www.cancer.org/cancer

http://www.aicr.org/continuous-update-project/reports/ovarian-cance... -

2014 Ovarian Cancer Report (highly recommended reading)

Cancer Information in Spanish: http://www.cancer.gov/espanol

Gynecologic Cancers with a OneWorld Studio Audience: http://youtu.be/TCJ-gcGY0L4

Cancer Genetic Screening & Testing - http://youtu.be/NylgSFC6RUM

Survive Cancer! Know Family Medical History Including BRCA 1 & 2: http://youtu.be/rOUNA9OhCoA

Dense Breast Tissue and Microcalcifications - Special Attention: http://youtu.be/0YhpIB-x8kQ

Read about various Cancer Topics here:  http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics

OneWorld Progressive Institute, Inc., is a small group of committed volunteers who produce community information and education programs on health literacy, education and civic engagement.  We also find good information and post informative blogs about issues we believe shine light. Learn more about us at our web site: www.oneworldpi.org/

http://www.oneworldpi.org/health/index.html

http://www.youtube.com/user/oneworldpi/videos   - OneWorld’s YouTube – Please Visit https://www.facebook.com/pages/OneWorld-Progressive-Institute-Inc/151551484879941

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Neighborhoods: What is Working

Open Street Project

An Open Streets Family Reunion: Reflections from the 2018 Open Streets Summit

By Ryan O’Connor, Director of Programs, 8 80 Cities Recently 8 80 Cities wrote a blog post about open streets being a labour of love. That being the case, the 2018 Open Streets Summit in New Orleans felt like a family reunion of sorts. It was rejuvenating to see old and new friends who share our passion for open streets and are working tirelessly to create healthier, happier, and more connected communities across the world. The event, which took place on September 15-16, brought together more than 50 leaders who currently organize open streets programs or are interested in bringing the...

The post An Open Streets Family Reunion: Reflections from the 2018 Open Streets Summit appeared first on Open Streets Project.

Open Streets Summit Draft Agenda

We hope you are getting ready and feel excited about the Open Streets Summit in Gretna/New Orleans! Taking place from September 15-16, 2018, the Summit will feature tours, presentations and networking opportunities with open streets champions and organizers from across the continent. Attendees will learn about the nuts and bolts of starting or scaling up open streets programs, including: Route design and planning Partnerships with business and officials Social inclusion Safety and logistics Marketing and promotion Program evaluation through measurable goals and metrics If you haven’t done it yet, click here to register for the Open Streets Summit only or...

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Open Streets Summit Speakers Announced!

The Open Streets Project is proud to announce that Ed Solis from Viva Calle (San Jose, CA), Romel Pascual from CicLAvia (Los Angeles, CA), Jaymie Santiago and Charles Brown from New Brunswick Ciclovia will join us as speakers for the 2018 Open Streets Summit in New Orleans and Gretna! Taking place from September 15-16 2018, the Summit will feature: Behind the scenes tour of the City of Gretna’s inaugural open streets program. Workshops, presentations, and networking opportunities with open streets champions and organizers from across the continent. Training and inspiration for both -novice and experienced- open streets organizers and supporters...

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Local Initiatives Support Corporation

A Model Worth Copying: Joint Ownership Structures for CDCs

In an in-depth article for The Journal of Affordable Housing and Community Development Law, attorneys David Goldstein and Jason Labate offer a case study of the Joint Operating Entity NYC (JOE NYC), which LISC has supported from its inception. The JOE NYC, a consortium of CDCs that have pooled their portfolios and expertise, is a blueprint that can help CDCs in other cities and regions shore up their stability in challenging markets and gain ground against the national affordability crisis.

Minnesota Governor Celebrates LISC Duluth’s 21 Years of Investment and Partnership

This week, LISC Duluth marked its 21st year of investing in the city and the key work of local partners at its annual Building Healthy Community Awards. Governor Tim Walz gave the keynote address, stressing how innovative collaboration between local government and community leaders can make the city a safe and prosperous place for all residents. The LISC partnership model, he added, “is what smart government should do…what smart communities should do.”

Reclaiming Charm City

A powerful new documentary offers an unvarnished portrait of residents and police in Baltimore working to stem violence in their beloved city. LISC is a proud national partner of the PBS film, helping to spark attention to its life-and-death message: through collaboration between neighbors and law enforcement, and imperative investment in underserved communities, we can make communities safer and better. It’s the very work LISC supports across the country.

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